It Has Begun!! Happy Skirt Week 2013! Flickr groups are open for all your lovely skirt creations made any time between last year’s skirt week and now, so go enter them already! You can enter up to three in each of the categories (full details here):
For the next week and a half, we’re going to be parading some great skirt tutorials by our lovely guest bloggers here, but first up, one of our own!
The knit pencil skirt is a great dress up or down item, and a perfect addition to your wardrobe whether your career involves cubicles or carpools. Pair it with a slouchy tee and flip flops or a blazer and heels, either way you’re good to go. It’s the perfect item to make you look more dressed up than you feel.
This is pretty similar to your standard knit, yoga-waist skirt, but I’ve added the options of a lining and some side-seam manipulation to take it to the next level. You’ll get a more precise fit and a better looking finished garment with only a few extra simple steps.
You might be laughing at the thought of a fitted knit garment on your bottom half (I was!), but I’m here to hopefully prove that this skirt is for everyone. This tutorial bases everything off of your measurements, so it’s guaranteed to fit you perfectly, and since you’re the designer, you can make it as tight or loose as you want. Let’s get started, k?!
- 1 yard of a sturdy knit fabric (interlock, cotton jersey, 1×1 knit ribbing, double knit). You want this fabric to stretch, but not be slinky. I would suggest you avoid anything with the words “rayon” in the fabric content. A good test is that you should be able to hold it against your body and not see too much VPL (that’s visible panty line).
- 1 yard of a lining fabric. This one can be slinky, and in fact you should pick something described as having a “soft hand”, “soft drape”, or weighing at 7 oz or less. A rayon knit would be completely appropriate.
- matching polyester thread, “stretch” or “ballpoint” needles, optional: a twin needle and walking foot
For this tutorial, I’ll be showing the illustrations and then putting the steps below. First you’ll be doing some measuring, so get ready to record your information somewhere. Then you’ll use those measurements to make a pattern, and then I’ll show you how to sew it up.
1. Measure around your waist. This can be your low waist or your natural waist, or where ever you want the skirt to sit. Just remember that the waistband will rise 3″ above this point, so you’ll need to account for that. This number will be “X”.
2. Subtract 1″ from your X measurement. This will be your “A” measurement.
3. Measure the drop down from your waist point to the fullest part of your hips. This is typically around the biggest part of your bottom. This will be your “B” measurement.
4. Measure around the fullest part of your hip to get another “X” measurement.
5. At this point you can choose to keep the skirt tight by subtracting 1″ from your X (hip) measurement OR, you can leave the measurement as is for a looser fit. For a very loose fit, add 1-2 inches. Just remember that knits stretch a lot, and giving the hips negative ease (subtracting 1″) will not make it skin tight, just nicely fitted. The number you get will be your “C” measurement.
6. Measure the drop down from the hips to where you want the hem to fall. Traditional pencil skirts have a hem line at or just below the knee. I chose to make mine just above the knee so it would be easier to move. You can also raise the hem line to mid-thigh and make a mini. The choice is yours! Just try to measure in front of a mirror or with someone helping you. If you bend over to look at the ruler, it could mess up your measurements and you would end up with a mini whether you wanted one or not. The drop from hip to hem will be your “D” measurement.
Measure around the hem. This is also completely arbitrary, depending on how straight or tapered you want your skirt to be. My hem width ended up being the same as my waist measurement. You could make it smaller or larger. If your hem width is wider than your hips you’ll end up with an a-line skirt though. This will be your “E” measurement.
7. Now divide your A, C, and E measurements by 2. This will give you your a,b, and c measurements. You’re doing this to divide your full waist, hip, and hem measurements into front and back measurements.
8. Now we’ll be figuring out the exact waist, hip, and hem measurements for the back of the skirt. We will be adding width to the back and later subtracting width from the front. This isn’t 100% necessary, but humans tend to have more curves in their rear than their front, so this way the side seam will be balanced to provide more space for your bottom. It just produces a better fitting, more professional garment. For the waist, add 2 inches to your “a” measurement, at the hip, add 2 inches to your “c” measurement, and at the hem, add 1″ to your “e” measurement.
9. Now we’ll be doing the same thing for the front of the skirt, except subtracting width. So, subtract 2 inches from the “a” measurement, subtract 2 inches from the “c” measurement, and subtract 1″ from the “e” measurement.
10. Now you’re ready to start drawing out your pattern. You will need a large roll of paper, or some printer paper taped together. You will need enough to draw a pattern for the front and back. (you can also draw these lines directly onto your fabric to save a step. Just fold the fabric right sides together and use a disappearing or water-soluble marker.) First, draw a line straight down equaling your “B” measurement. Make a small horizontal line at the end of this line. From your end point, draw another vertical line equaling your “D” measurement. (if drawing directly onto your fabric, this line will on the fold, so just mark the top, the bottom, and the point where B meets D)
Because you’re only drawing half of the back skirt and half of the front skirt, we’re going to have to divide our measurements by 2 again. When your pattern is placed on the fold of fabric and cut, it will yield a perfectly symmetrical skirt front and back.
11. For the back of the skirt: Draw a perpendicular line from the top of your previous line that equals your “a+2″ measurement divided by 2. Do the same for your hip and hem measurements, as pictured. Connect the ends of your measurements with a gently curved line.
12. Repeat step 11 for the front of the skirt. Remember that this time you’ll be subtracting width before dividing by 2.
13. Once your front and back patterns are drawn, add a half inch seam allowance to the top and side, and a 1 inch hem allowance to the bottom, as shown.
14. Just one small adjustment to provide a better fit: on the front skirt piece, drop the center front down 1 inch and draw a new waist line, curving up to the side seam.
15. Cut your waistband. The waistband will be a rectangle 13 inches by X. X is the measurement around your waist with some negative ease. The amount of ease you need to subtract from your waist measurement is completely dependent on the amount of stretch in the fabric you’re using. I’ve found that the best way (although not very scientific) is to simply wrap your intended fabric around your waist, making sure the stretch is going around your waist (horizontal stretch). Pull the fabric around you so that it is slightly stretched and snug. It needs to be tight enough to keep the skirt up even after stretching. It is much easier to accidentally make the waistband too loose than too tight, so get it good and snug. Once you have a good fit, mark the two points that meet with your fingers, unwrap it, and hold it up to a ruler. If you don’t have a ruler long enough, you can mark these two points and measure them with a tape measure. Add 1″ to your X measurement for a seam allowance. Cut your 13 x X waistband from your main fabric. Note the direction of stretch in the illustration. It should be going horizontally.
16. Lay your front and back pattern pieces on the folds of your main fabric and cut, noting the direction of stretch. Repeat with your lining fabric.
17. Sew your skirt together at the side seams, right sides together. You can use your serger, but this seam doesn’t need to stretch, so I found it easier to control the fabric and guard against wavy seams by using my sewing machine. Use your walking foot if you have one and you’re so inclined. I adjusted my presser foot pressure and slightly lengthened my stitches and had no problem. Press your seam allowances open, if applicable. Repeat this step with your lining front and back. Baste your lining and your skirt wrong sides together along the waist, matching side seams. To baste, just use your longest stitch length and sew using a 1/4 inch seam allowance. From here on, you will treat the skirt and lining as one.
18. Sew your waistband right sides together at the short ends, forming a tube. Press your seam allowances open, if applicable.
19. Fold the waistband down on itself, wrong sides together. You’ll end up with a tube with a fold on one edge and two raw edges on the other.
20. Use pins to mark four equal spots on the waistband. Start with the seam, then pin directly opposite. Bring the two pins together to find the spots for the side seam pins. Repeat this process for the skirt, but begin by putting a pin in each side seam, and then fold to locate the center front and back. Then move your two side seam pins 1 inch to the back of the skirt. This is to balance out the width we added to the back and subtracted from the front earlier.
21. Wrap the waistband around the top of the skirt, right sides together, with all 3 raw edges together, facing up. (the skirt should be right side out). Match the seam in the waistband to the center back of the skirt and pin. Continue matching up your other three pins, removing them and pinning the waistband to the skirt as you go.
22. Sew the waistband to the skirt using a 1/2 inch seam allowance. This seam does need to stretch, so I suggest using a serger or stretch stitch. You may also use a zig zag stitch, just change the settings so the stitch is longer but less wide than a regular zig zag.
23. Turn the skirt inside out. Press the main skirt to the inside by 1 inch. If your knit is susceptible to burning, use a press cloth. Topstitch the hem on the right side of the skirt using a 5/8 inch seam allowance. This is a great place to use a double or twin needle. If you don’t have one, you can use a modified zig zag stitch (set longer and less wide than normal, so it’s closer to a straight stitch.) If you try on your skirt and you can take a good stride and sit down without stretching the hem at all, you can also choose to just hem the skirt with a straight stitch. Just be careful as this seam needs to stretch to accommodate movement if it is tapered in toward your legs. If you use a straight stitch, lengthen it so it doesn’t pucker your fabric. Press the hem well from the right side with a press cloth.
You can choose to hem your lining or just cut it an inch shorter than your main skirt. Knit won’t fray, and in this case, leaving it unhemmed might be the better choice because it won’t have any extra folds that could create bulk on the outside of the skirt.
24. And you’re finished! Congrats!
Fabric is of course from the wonderful Girl Charlee, a Skirt Week sponsor – holla!